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Beau Wright

wget.download bar: A simple way to monitor your downloads


How to Use wget.download Bar to Monitor Your Downloads




Downloading files from the web is a common task for many users. Whether you need to download a large file, a software package, an image, or a video, you want to make sure that your download is fast, reliable, and secure. One of the tools that can help you with that is wget, a command-line utility that can download data from any web server.




wget.download bar



In this article, we will show you how to use wget.download bar, a feature that allows you to monitor the progress of your downloads with a simple and elegant graphical interface. You will learn how to install and use wget.download bar, how to customize and improve it, and how to troubleshoot some common issues. By the end of this article, you will be able to use wget.download bar like a pro and enjoy your downloads more.


What is wget.download Bar?




A brief introduction to wget and its features




wget is a free and open-source software that can download data from any web server. It supports HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and other protocols, and can handle redirects, cookies, authentication, proxies, and more. It can also resume interrupted downloads, download multiple files or directories recursively, and limit the bandwidth usage.


wget is available for Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, and other operating systems. It can be used as a standalone program or as a library for other applications. It has many options and parameters that allow you to customize its behavior and output.


How wget.download bar works and what it shows




wget.download bar is a feature that displays a graphical progress bar for each download. It shows the percentage of completion, the amount of data downloaded, the download speed, and the estimated time remaining. It also shows the file name and the URL of the download.


wget.download bar works by using the --show-progress option, which forces wget to display the progress bar regardless of its verbosity level. It also uses the --progress option, which sets the type and style of the progress indicator. By default, wget uses the bar indicator, which shows a horizontal bar with brackets and arrows. However, you can also use the dot indicator, which shows a series of dots with different colors.


How to Install and Use wget.download Bar




How to install wget on different operating systems




To use wget.download bar, you need to have wget installed on your system. Depending on your operating system, there are different ways to install wget:


  • On Linux, you can use your package manager (such as apt, yum, pacman, etc.) to install wget. For example, on Debian-based systems, you can run sudo apt install wget.



On Windows, you can download the binary file from [ How to download the binary file from [1](https://www.gnu.org/software/wget/)




To download the binary file from [1](https://www.gnu.org/software/wget/), you need to follow these steps:


  • Go to the [download page](^1^) of wget and find the latest version of the binary file for Windows. As of writing this article, the latest version is wget-1.21.1-win64.zip.



  • Click on the link to download the zip file to your computer. You may need to choose a mirror site that is closest to your location for faster download speed.



  • Extract the zip file to a folder of your choice. For example, you can extract it to C:\wget.



Add the folder where you extracted the zip file to your system PATH environment variable. This will allow you to run wget from any directory in the command prompt. To do this, follow these steps:


  • Open the Start menu and search for "environment". Select Edit the system environment variables.



  • Select the Advanced tab and click the Environment Variables button.



  • Select the Path variable under System Variables and click Edit.



  • Click New and enter the path to the folder where you extracted the zip file. For example, C:\wget.



  • Click OK to save the changes and close all windows.




  • Open a new command prompt and test if wget is working by typing wget --version. You should see something like this:



C:\Users\user>wget --version GNU Wget 1.21.1 built on mingw32. -cares +digest -gpgme +https +ipv6 +iri +large-file -metalink -nls +ntlm +opie -psl +ssl/openssl Wgetrc: /etc/wgetrc (system) Locale: /usr/share/locale Compile: mingw32-gcc -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -DSYSTEM_WGETRC="/etc/wgetrc" -DLOCALEDIR="/usr/share/locale" -I. -I../lib -I../lib -I/usr/local/include -DNDEBUG Link: mingw32-gcc -DNDEBUG -L/usr/local/lib /usr/local/lib/libiconv.a /usr/local/lib/libunistring.a /usr/local/lib/libidn2.a /usr/local/lib/libidn.a /usr/local/lib/libssl.a /usr/local/lib/libcrypto.a /usr/local/lib/libz.a /usr/local/lib/libpsl.a /usr/local/lib/libintl.a /usr/local/lib/libcares.a ws2_32.lib shell32.lib ole32.lib uuid.lib advapi32.lib user32.lib gdi32.lib comdlg32.lib winspool.lib winmm.lib


If you see something similar, then you have successfully installed wget on your Windows system. How to use wget.download bar with different options and parameters




To use wget.download bar with different options and parameters, you need to append them to the wget command after the URL. For example, if you want to download a file and save it under a different name, you can use the -O option followed by the new name:


wget.download bar:force


wget.download bar:force:noscroll


wget.download bar:dot


wget.download bar:dot:mega


wget.download bar:dot:giga


wget.download bar:dot:tera


wget.download bar:dot:peta


wget.download bar:dot:eta


wget.download bar:dot:kilo


wget.download bar:dot:none


wget.download bar:adaptive


wget.download bar:adaptive:size


wget.download bar:adaptive:speed


wget.download bar:adaptive:time


wget.download bar:adaptive:percent


wget.download bar:adaptive:nounit


wget.download bar:custom


wget.download bar:custom:function


wget.download bar:custom:format


wget.download bar:custom:symbol


wget.download bar:size


wget.download bar:size:kilobyte


wget.download bar:size:megabyte


wget.download bar:size:gigabyte


wget.download bar:size:terabyte


wget.download bar:size:petabyte


wget.download bar:size:exabyte


wget.download bar:speed


wget.download bar:speed:kilobit


wget.download bar:speed:megabit


wget.download bar:speed:gigabit


wget.download bar:speed:terabit


wget.download bar:speed:kilobyte


wget.download bar:speed:megabyte


wget.download bar:speed:gigabyte


wget.download bar:speed:terabyte


wget.download bar:speed:b/s


wget.download bar:speed:kB/s


wget.download bar:speed:mB/s


wget.download bar:speed:gB/s


wget.download bar:speed:tB/s


wget.download bar:time


wget.download bar:time:second


wget.download bar:time:minute


wget.download bar:time:hour


wget.download bar:time:s


wget.download bar:time:m


wget.download bar:time:h


wget.download bar:noisy


wget.download bar:noisy:false


wget --show-progress -O new-file.zip [8](https://example.com/file.zip)


The --show-progress option is necessary to enable the wget.download bar feature. You can also use other options to modify the behavior and output of wget. Here are some of the most common and useful options:


Option


Description


-c


Continue a partially downloaded file.


-i FILE


Read the URLs from a file, one per line.


-r


Download recursively, following links to subdirectories.


-l N


Specify the maximum recursion depth (N) when downloading recursively.


-A LIST


Accept only files that match the comma-separated list of extensions or patterns.


-R LIST


Reject files that match the comma-separated list of extensions or patterns.


--limit-rate=RATE


Limit the download speed to the specified rate (in bytes, kilobytes, or megabytes).


--no-clobber


Skip downloads that would overwrite existing files.


--no-check-certificate


Do not verify the SSL certificates when downloading from HTTPS servers.


--user=USER--password=PASS--ask-passwordSpecify the username and password for authentication, or prompt for password if needed.For a complete list of options, you can check the wget manual page by typing man wget in your terminal, or visit the [official documentation](^1^).Examples of using wget.download bar with different URLs and files


  • To demonstrate how to use wget.download bar with different options and parameters, we will show some examples of downloading different types of files from different sources. You can try these examples yourself by copying and pasting the commands in your terminal.To download a single file from a web server, use the following command:

  • wget --show-progress [9](https://releases.ubuntu.com/20.04/ubuntu-20.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso) This will download the Ubuntu 20.04 desktop ISO image to your current directory. You will see something like this:--2023-06-21 15:20:03-- [9](https://releases.ubuntu.com/20.04/ubuntu-20.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso) Resolving releases.ubuntu.com (releases.ubuntu.com)... 91.189.88.247, 2001:67c:1360:8001::24 Connecting to releases.ubuntu.com (releases.ubuntu.com)91.189.88.247:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 2705825792 (2.5G) [application/x-iso9660-image] Saving to: ubuntu-20.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso ubuntu-20.04.2-desk 100%[===================>] 2.52G 5.12MB/s in 8m 23s 2023-06-21 15:28:26 (5.14 MB/s) - ubuntu-20.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso saved [2705825792/2705825792] The output shows the URL, the IP address, the connection status, the HTTP response code, the file size, the file name, and the download progress bar with percentage, data amount, speed, and time remaining.To download multiple files from a web server, use the -i option followed by a file name that contains the URLs of the files you want to download, one per line. For example, create a file named urls.txt with the following content:

[ [10](https://example.com/file1.zip) [11](https://example.com/file2.zip) [12](https://example.com/file3.zip)


Then, use the following command to download all the files in the urls.txt file:


wget --show-progress -i urls.txt


This will download all the files to your current directory, showing the progress bar for each file. You will see something like this:


--2023-06-21 15:30:03-- [10](https://example.com/file1.zip) Resolving example.com (example.com)... 93.184.216.34, 2606:2800:220:1:248:1893:25c8:1946 Connecting to example.com (example.com)93.184.216.34:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1024000 (1000K) [application/zip] Saving to: file1.zip file1.zip 100%[===================>] 1000K 1.23MB/s in 0.8s 2023-06-21 15:30:04 (1.23 MB/s) - file1.zip saved [1024000/1024000] --2023-06-21 15:30:04-- [11](https://example.com/file2.zip) Reusing existing connection to example.com:443. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 2048000 (2.0M) [application/zip] Saving to: file2.zip file2.zip 100%[===================>] 1.95M 2.41MB/s in 0.8s 2023-06-21 15:30:05 (2.41 MB/s) - file2.zip saved [2048000/2048000] --2023-06-21 15:30:05-- [12](https://example.com/file3.zip) Reusing existing connection to example.com:443. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 3072000 (2.9M) [application/zip] Saving to: file3.zip file3.zip 100%[===================>] 2.93M 3.62MB/s in 0.8s 2023-06-21 15:30:06 (3.62 MB/s) - file3.zip saved [3072000/3072000] FINISHED --2023-06-21 15:30:06-- Total wall clock time: 3.4s Downloaded: 3 files, 5.9M in 2.5s (2.37 MB/s)


  • To download a whole website or a part of it, use the -r option followed by the URL of the website or the directory you want to download. For example, to download the entire Wikipedia website, use the following command:



wget --show-progress -r [13](https://en.wikipedia.org/)


This will download all the files and subdirectories under the en.wikipedia.org domain, preserving the directory structure and links. You will see something like this:


--2023-06-21 15:32:03-- [13](https://en.wikipedia.org/) Resolving en.wikipedia.org (en.wikipedia.org)... 91.198.174.192, 91.198.174.193, ... Connecting to en.wikipedia.org (en.wikipedia.org)91.198.174.192:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: unspecified [text/html] Saving to: en.wikipedia.org/index.html en.wikipedia.org/in [ ] 81.67K --.-KB/s in 0.1s 2023-06-21 15:32:04 (809 KB/s) - en.wikipedia.org/index.html saved [83623] Loading robots.txt; please ignore errors. --2023-06-21 15:32:04-- [14](https://en.wikipedia.org/robots.txt) Reusing existing connection to en.wikipedia.org:443. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 649 [text/plain] Saving to: en.wikipedia.org/robots.txt en.wikipedia.org/ro [ ] 649 --.-KB/s in 0s 2023-06-21 15:32:04 (6.33 MB/s) - en.wikipedia.org/robots.txt saved [649/649] --2023-06-21 15:32:04-- [15](https://en.wikipedia.org/static/apple-touch/wikipedia.png) Reusing existing connection to en.wikipedia.org:443. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1615 (1.6K) [image/png] Saving to: en.wikipedia.org/static/apple-touch/wikipedia.png en.wikipedia.org/st [ ] 1.58K --.-KB/s in 0s 2023-06-21 15:32:04 (16.5 MB/s) - en.wikipedia.org/static/apple-touch/wikipedia.png saved [1615/1615] --2023-06-21 15:32:04-- [16](https://en.wikipedia.org/static/favicon/wikipedia.ico) Reusing existing connection to en.wikipedia.org:443. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 5430 (5.3K) [image/vnd.microsoft.icon] Saving to: en.wikipedia.org/static/favicon/wikipedia.ico en.wikipedia.org/st [ ] 5.30K --.-KB/s in 0s 2023-06-21 15:32:04 (54.9 MB/s) - en.wikipedia.org/static/favicon/wikipedia.ico saved [5430/5430] --2023-06-21 15:32:04-- [17](https://en.wikipedia.org/opensearch_desc.php) Reusing existing connection to en.wikipedia.org:443. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: unspecified [application/opensearchdescription+xml] Saving to: en.wikipedia.org/opensearch_desc.php en.wikipedia.org/op [ ] 2.44K --.-KB/s in 0s 2023-06-21 15:32:04 (25.2 MB/s) - en.wikipedia.org/opensearch_desc.php saved [2497] --2023-06-21 15:32:04-- [18](https://en.wikipedia.org/api/rest_v1/page/summary/Main_Page) Reusing existing connection to en.wikipedia.org:443. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: unspecified [application/json] Saving to: en.wikipedia.org/api/rest_v1/page/summary/Main_Page en.wikipedia.org/ap [ ] 4.95K --.-KB/s in 0s 2023-06-21 15:32:05 (51.2 MB/s) - en.wikipedia.org/api/rest_v1/page/summary/Main_Page saved [5072] ...


The output shows the URL, the IP address, the connection status, the HTTP response code, the file size, the file name, and the download progress bar for each file and subdirectory. Note that wget respects the robots.txt file of the website, which may restrict some files or directories from being downloaded.


How to Customize and Improve wget.download Bar




How to change the progress indicator type and style




As mentioned earlier, wget.download bar uses the --progress option to set the type and style of the progress indicator. By default, it uses the bar indicator, which shows a horizontal bar with brackets and arrows. However, you can also use the dot indicator, which shows a series of dots with different colors.


To change the progress indicator type and style, you need to use the --progress=type.style option, where type can be either bar or dot, and style can be one of the following:


  • default: The default style for each type.



  • binary: The binary style, which shows only two states: 0 or 1.



  • mega: The mega style, which shows the progress in megabytes.



  • giga: The giga style, which shows the progress in gigabytes.



  • micro: The micro style, which shows a very small progress bar or dot.



  • nano: The nano style, which shows a very tiny progress bar or dot.



For example, to use the dot indicator with the mega style, use the following option:


--progress=dot.mega


This will show something like this:


--2023-06-21 15:40:03-- [19](https://example.com/file.zip) Resolving example.com (example.com)... 93.184.216.34, 2606:2800:220:1:248:1893:25c8:1946 Connecting to example.com (example.com)93.184.216.34:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 102400000 (98M) [application/zip] Saving to: file.zip 0K .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... 0% 1.23M 79s 50K .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... 0% 2.46M 59s 100K .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... 0% 3.69M 49s 150K .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... 0% 4.92M 42s ... 99950K .......... .......... .......... .......... ..... 100% 5.14M=19s 2023-06-21 15:40:22 (5.14 MB/s) - file.zip saved [102400000/102400000]


The output shows a series of dots with different colors, each representing one megabyte of data downloaded.


How to show the file size in MB or other units




By default, wget.download bar shows the file size in kilobytes (K) or bytes if the file is smaller than one kilobyte. However, you may want to show the file size in other units, such as megabytes (M), gigabytes (G), or terabytes (T). To do that, you need to use the --human-readable option, which makes wget print sizes in powers of 1024.


For example, to show the file size in megabytes, use the following option:


--human-readable


This will show something like this:


--2023-06-21 15:42:03-- [20](https://example.com/file.zip) Resolving example.com (example.com)... 93.184.216.34, 2606:2800:220:1:248:1893:25c8:1946 Connecting to example.com (example.com)93.184.216.34:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 102400000 (98M) [application/zip] Saving to: file.zip file.zip 100%[===================>] 97.66M 5.14MB/s in 19s 2023-06-21 15:42:22 (5.14 MB/s) - file.zip saved [102400000/102400000]


The output shows the file size in megabytes (M) instead of kilobytes (K).


How to filter the output and show only the progress bar




Sometimes, you may want to filter the output of wget and show only the


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